ice, if we know not how to profit by the example and teaching of those who have gone before us, in a society largely resembling the one we live in. Its study fulfils its purpose even if it only makes us wiser, without producing books, and gives us the gift of historical thinking, which is better than historical learning. It is a most powerful ingredient in the formation of character and the training of talent, and our historical judgments have as much to do with hopes of heaven as public or private conduct. Convictions that have been strained through the instances and the comparisons of modern times differ immeasurably in solidity and force from those which every new fact perturbs, and which are often little better than illusions or unsifted prejudice.
[Sidenote: A SCHOOL OF OPINION]
[Sidenote: INFLUENCE OF THE RELIGIOUS ELEMENT]
The first of human concerns is religion, and it is the salient feature of the modern centuries. They are signalised as the scene of Protestant develo