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The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics

A Practical Handbook for the Dyer and Student

Cover image for


Author: Franklin Beech
Published: 1901
Language: English
Wordcount: 106,755 / 346 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 56.3
LoC Category: TT
Downloads: 1,914
Added to site: 2007.04.28 16708
Genre: Instructional

a rod and the cross section in Fig. 2A has no central canal. The action which takes place is as follows: The cellulose enters into a combination with the alkali and there is formed a sodium cellulose, which has the formula C{6}H{10}O{5}2NaOH. This alkali cellulose, however, is not a stable body; by washing with water the alkali is removed, and hydrated cellulose is obtained, which has the formula C{6}H{10}O{5}H{2}O. Water removes the whole of the alkali, but alcohol only removes one half. It has been observed that during the process of washing with water the fibre shrinks very much. This shrinkage is more particularly to be observed in the case of cotton. As John Mercer was the first to point out the action of the alkaline solutions on cotton, the process has become known as "mercerisation".

Solutions of caustic soda of 1.000 or 20° Tw. in strength have very little mercerising action, and it is only by prolonged treatment that mercerisation can be effected. It is interesting to observe that the add



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L.L. Collins
When L.L. Collins isn't wrangling 25 preteens during her day job as a teacher, she writes heartfelt, emotionally charged romance novels. Books in which the heroes are not always alpha males and the heroines everything but perfect. In her book, Snared, Collins also addresses tough subjects such as mental health and foster care. As our author of the day Collins reveals why she chose to write about a shy rock star, her own experience with foster care and talks about her journey as an author.
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