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The Welsh and Their Literature

from The London Quarterly Review, January 1861, American Edition

Cover image for


Author: George Borrow
Published: 1861
Language: English
Wordcount: 13,263 / 45 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 56
LoC Category: PR
Downloads: 513
Added to site: 2010.08.03 28618
Genres: Criticism, Essays

unimportant variations maintained its ground to the present time. It contains three primary measures, termed respectively, englyn, cywydd, and awdl. Of the englyn, there are five kinds; of the cywydd, four; and of the awdl, fifteen. Each particular species of englyn, cywydd, and awdl has its appropriate name, which it is needless to give here. These three primary metres, with their modifications, make together twenty-four measures, which embrace the whole system of Welsh versification, in which, as somebody has observed, each line, word, and letter, are so harmonized by consonancy, chained so accurately, woven so closely and correctly, that it is impossible to extract one word or even letter without causing a hideous gap. Whoever has ventured to compose out of these measures, since the time of their establishment, has been considered by the Welsh scholar as unworthy of the name of poet.

The earliest recorded poet of the Cymry, after the days of Gwyddon Ganhebon and the other personages mentioned with



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