The following account of the life of Yakoob Beg was written with atwofold intention. In the first place, it attempts to trace the careerof a soldier of fortune, who, without birth, power, or even any greatamount of genius, constructed an independent rule in Central Asia, andmaintained it against many adversaries during the space of twelve years.The name of the Athalik Ghazi became so well known in this country, andhis person was so exaggerated by popular report, that those who come tothese pages with a belief that their hero will be lauded to the skiesmust be disappointed. Yakoob Beg was a very able and courageous man, andthe task he did accomplish in Kashgaria was in the highest degreecreditable; but he was no Timour or Babur.
se and native rulers, and it will be seen that it was especially favourable to the claims of the Chinese as the better masters.
"What you see on market-day now, is nothing to the life and activity there was in the time of the Khitay. To-day the peasantry come in with their fowls and eggs, with their cotton and yarn, or with their sheep and cattle and horses for sale, and they go back with printed cotton, a fur cap, or city made boots, or whatever domestic necessaries they may require, and always with a good dinner inside them; and then we shut up our shops and stow away our goods till next week's market-day brings back our customers. Some of us, indeed, go out with a small venture in the interim to the rural markets around, but our great day is market-day in town. It was very different in the Khitay time. People then bought and sold every day, and market-day was a much jollier time. There was no Kazi Rais, with his six Muhtasib, armed with the dira to flog people off to prayer, and drive the w