The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals

Cover image for

Download


Author: Charles Darwin
Published: 1899
Language: English
Wordcount: 107,991 / 325 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 66.2
LoC Category: BF
Downloads: 9,677
mnybks.net#: 2029
Genres: Science, Psychology
Excerpt

Gratiolet appears to overlook inherited habit, and even to some extent habit in the individual; and therefore he fails, as it seems to me, to give the right explanation, or any explanation at all, of many gestures and expressions. As an illustration of what he calls symbolic movements, I will quote his remarks (p. 37), taken from M. Chevreul, on a man playing at billiards. "Si une bille devie legerement de la direction que le joueur pretend zlui imprimer, ne l'avez-vous pas vu cent fois la pousser du regard, de la tete et meme des epaules, comme si ces mouvements, purement symboliques, pouvaient rectifier son trajet? Des mouvements non moins significatifs se produisent quand la bille manque d'une impulsion suffisante. Et cliez les joueurs novices, ils sont quelquefois accuses au point d'eveiller le sourire sur les levres des spectateurs." Such movements, as it appeirs to me, may be attributed simply to habit. As often as a man has wished to move an object to one side, he has always pushed it to that side when forwards, he has pushed it forwards; and if he has wished to arrest it, he has pulled backwards. Therefore, when a man sees his ball travelling in a wrong direction, and he intensely wishes it to go in another direction, he cannot avoid, from long habit, unconsciously performing movements which in other cases he has found effectual.

As an instance of sympathetic movements Gratiolet gives (p. 212) the following case:--"un jeune chien A oreilles droites, auquel son maitre presente de loin quelque viande appetissante, fixe avec ardeur ses yeux sur cet objet dont il suit tous les mouvements, et pendant que les yeux regardent, les deux oreilles se portent en avant comme si cet objet pouvait etre entendu."

(Promote your book here)

Featured Books

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Astray in Couper

Matty Cruz Adventure Book 1
R. Marquez

When the economic downturn ends Matty Cruz’s co... Read more

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Loose Ends

A California Corwin P. I. Mystery
David VanDyke

"Loose Ends was a great read, if you're looking... Read more

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Who Murdered Mr. Malone?

Garden Girls Christian Cozy Mystery Series Book 1
Hope Callaghan

Who Murdered Mr. Malone? Book 1 of the Garden G... Read more

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Phantasia

Book One: Into the Rain
M.U. Riyadad

After finding the body of a dragon in a metalli... Read more

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Fearsome

Fearsome Series Book 1
S.A. Wolfe

*This is a stand-alone book in the Fearsome Ser... Read more

Cover image for The Expression of Emotion in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin - Free eBook

Anais of Brightshire

The Blood Mage Chronicles Book 1
Jamie Wilson

While rumors of monsters rising in the south bring... Read more

(advanced)
login | register

User ID

Password

reset password

Help ManyBooks by sharing this page!

See it as donating a moment of your social media time, every little thing helps us improve and stay online.

Popular in This Genre

The list of books below is based on the weekly downloads by our users regardless of eReader device or file format.

Analyzing Character
by Katherine M.H. Blackford
The Astronomy of Milton's 'Paradise Lost'
by Thomas Nathaniel Orchard
Criminal Psychology
by Hans Gross
On the Origin of Species
by Charles Darwin
ABC's of Science
by Charles Oliver
Amusements in Mathematics
by Henry Ernest Dudeney

See more popular titles from this genre.