The Science of History. By James Anthony Froude
Race and Language. By Edward A. Freeman
Kin Beyond Sea. By William Ewart Gladstone
Private Judgment. By John Henry Newman
An Apology for Plainspeaking. By Leslie Stephen
ich gives a complexion to their whole after-character.
When historians have to relate great social or speculative changes, the overthrow of a monarchy, or the establishment of a creed, they do but half their duty if they merely relate the events. In an account, for instance, of the rise of Mahometanism, it is not enough to describe the character of the Prophet, the ends which he set before him, the means which he made use of, and the effect which he produced; the historian must show what there was in the condition of the Eastern races which enabled Mahomet to act upon, them so powerfully; their existing beliefs, their existing moral and political condition.
In our estimate of the past, and in our calculations of the future, in the judgments which we pass upon one another, we measure responsibility, not by the thing done, but by the opportunities which people have had of knowing better or worse. In the efforts which we make to keep our children from bad associations or friends, we admit that exte