The Geological Story of the Isle of Wight

Author: J. Cecil Hughes
Published: 1922
Language: English
Wordcount: 38,216 / 117 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 68.7
LoC Category: QE
Downloads: 594
Added to site: 2010.10.14
mnybks.net#: 29267
Origin: gutenberg.org
Genre: Science
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Excerpt

ire. These rocks have solidified, most frequently in crystalline forms, from a molten mass. Lava, which flows hot and fluid, from a volcano, and cooling becomes a sheet of solid rock, is an igneous rock. Some igneous rocks solidify under ground under great pressure, and become crystalline rocks such as granite. We shall not find these rocks in the Isle of Wight. We should find them in Cornwall, Wales, and Scotland; and, if we could go deep enough, we should find some such rock as granite underneath the other rocks all the world over. The other rocks, such as the sandstones and clays, are called Sedimentary rocks, because they are formed of sediment, material carried by the sea and rivers, and dropped to the bottom. They are also called Stratified rocks, because they are formed of Strata, i.e., beds or layers, as we see in cliff and quarry.

But we have seen another kind of rock,--the limestones. In Sandown Bay towards the Culvers, bands of limestone run through the dark clay cliffs, and broken

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