Mutual Aid

A Factor of Evolution

Cover image for

Download


Author: Peter Kropotkin
Published: 1902
Language: English
Wordcount: 94,327 / 287 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 13.3
LoC Category: B
Downloads: 2,200
mnybks.net#: 4179
Excerpt

cticable for ruminants, and destroy them by the thousand--these were the conditions under which I saw animal life struggling in Northern Asia. They made me realize at an early date the overwhelming importance in Nature of what Darwin described as "the natural checks to over-multiplication," in comparison to the struggle between individuals of the same species for the means of subsistence, which may go on here and there, to some limited extent, but never attains the importance of the former. Paucity of life, under-population--not over-population--being the distinctive feature of that immense part of the globe which we name Northern Asia, I conceived since then serious doubts--which subsequent study has only confirmed-- as to the reality of that fearful competition for food and life within each species, which was an article of faith with most Darwinists, and, consequently, as to the dominant part which this sort of competition was supposed to play in the evolution of new species.

On the other hand, where

(Promote your book here)

Featured Books

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Astray in Couper

Matty Cruz Adventure Book 1
R. Marquez

When the economic downturn ends Matty Cruz’s co... Read more

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Loose Ends

A California Corwin P. I. Mystery
David VanDyke

"Loose Ends was a great read, if you're looking... Read more

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Who Murdered Mr. Malone?

Garden Girls Christian Cozy Mystery Series Book 1
Hope Callaghan

Who Murdered Mr. Malone? Book 1 of the Garden G... Read more

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Phantasia

Book One: Into the Rain
M.U. Riyadad

After finding the body of a dragon in a metalli... Read more

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Fearsome

Fearsome Series Book 1
S.A. Wolfe

*This is a stand-alone book in the Fearsome Ser... Read more

Cover image for Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin - Free eBook

Anais of Brightshire

The Blood Mage Chronicles Book 1
Jamie Wilson

While rumors of monsters rising in the south bring... Read more

(advanced)
login | register

User ID

Password

reset password

Help ManyBooks by sharing this page!

See it as donating a moment of your social media time, every little thing helps us improve and stay online.

Popular in This Genre

The list of books below is based on the weekly downloads by our users regardless of eReader device or file format.

Walden
by Henry David Thoreau
Agriculture for Beginners
by Charles William Burkett
The Art of Perfumery
by G.W. Septimus Piesse
The Man-Eaters of Tsavo
by J.H. Patterson
The Adventures of Buster Bear
by Thornton W. Burgess
An Elementary Study of Insects
by Leonard Haseman
After London
by Richard Jefferies
The Burgess Bird Book for Children
by Thornton W. Burgess
Muskrat City
by Henry Abbott
Fish Stories
by Henry Abbott

See more popular titles from this genre.