attributed to Confucius. But much of the Li Chi is from later hands. Of the Yi, the Shu, and the Shih, it is only in the first that we find additions attributed to the philosopher himself, in the shape of appendixes. The Ch'un Ch'iu is the only one of the five Ching which can, with an approximation to correctness, be described as of his own 'making.'
'The Four Books' is an abbreviation for 'The Books of the Four Philosophers .' The first is the Lun Yu , or 'Digested Conversations,' being occupied chiefly with the sayings of Confucius. He is the philosopher to whom it belongs. It appears in this Work under the title of 'Confucian Analects.' The second is the Ta Hsio , or 'Great Learning,' now commonly attributed to Tsang Shan , a disciple of the sage. He is he philosopher of it.