to the west of it, reserving to Portugal all she might discover to the east. A year later (1494) Spain and Portugal by treaty moved the "Line of Demarcation" to three hundred and seventy leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands (map, p. 20), and on this agreement, approved by the Pope, Spain rested her claim to America.
1. For many centuries before the discovery of America, Europe had been trading with the far East.
2. The routes of this trade were being closed by the Turks.
3. Columbus believed a new route could be found by sailing due westward from Europe.
4. After many years of fruitless effort to secure aid to test his plan, he obtained help from Spain.
5. On his first voyage westward Columbus discovered the Bahama Islands, Cuba, and Haiti; on his later voyages, various other lands about the Caribbean Sea.
6. In the belief that he had reached the Indies, the lands Columbus found were called the Indies, and their inhabitants Indians.
 In the Middle Ages, whe