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The Instruction of Ptah-Hotep and the Instruction of Ke'Gemni

The Oldest Books in the World

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Author: Ptahhotep
Co-author: Kagemna
Published: 1906
Language: English
Wordcount: 15,735 / 53 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 63
LoC Category: PJ
Downloads: 2,086
Added to site: 2009.11.21 25845
Genre: Reference

Translated from the Egyptianwith an introduction and appendixby Battiscombe G. Gunn.

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of important and interesting poems, letters, and narratives are only known to us from school exercise-books. The pupil at the 'Chamber of Instruction' wrote out about three pages of these each day, as a means of improving his writing, as a model of style in composition, and for purposes of edification. These exercises {22} abound in errors of spelling and grammar, having sometimes the master's corrections elegantly written above in red. As may be imagined, a schoolboy's scrawl over three thousand years old is no easy thing to translate; but faute de mieux the Egyptologist welcomes any version, even the most barbarous. Fortunately, the MS. from which these translations come is not of this kind; a detailed description of it may interest some of my readers.

The Prisse Papyrus, which is well known by name and a few extracts to all persons conversant with Egyptian matters, was acquired in Egypt by M. Prisse d'Avennes, a French archaeologist of distinction, and published by him in 1847.[5] The exac



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