January 3, 1934 -- January 7, 1943 January 3, 1934 -- January 4, 1935 -- January 3, 1936 -- January 6, 1937 -- January 3, 1938 -- January 4, 1939 -- January 3, 1940 -- January 6, 1941 -- January 6, 1942 -- January 7, 1943 -- January 11, 1944 -- January 6, 1945
ca. Of continuing importance in the year 1942 were the unending and bitterly contested battles of the convoy routes, and the gradual passing of air superiority from the Axis to the United Nations.
The Axis powers knew that they must win the war in 1942 -or eventually lose everything. I do not need to tell you that our enemies did not win the war in 1942.
In the Pacific area, our most important victory in 1942 was the air and naval battle off Midway Island. That action is historically important because it secured for our use communication lines stretching thousands of miles in every direction. In placing this emphasis on the Battle of Midway, I am not unmindful of other successful actions in the Pacific, in the air and on land and afloat —especially those on the Coral Sea and New Guinea and in the Solomon Islands. But these actions were essentially defensive. They were part of the delaying strategy that characterized this phase of the war.
During this period we inflicted steady losses upon the enemy -