settlers came mainly from the Rhine district.
=Itajahy= and =Santa Izabel=, two other state colonies were founded in 1835 and 1846 respectively.
=Blumenau=, a private colony (originally), was founded in 1850 by Dr. Hermann Blumenau. The first settlers were mainly natives of Pomerania and Mecklenburg. Blumenau is the most widely known (largely because of its German name) and one of the most important German colonies in Brazil to-day. According to Carvalho "Blumenau constitue dans l'Amérique du Sud le type le plus parfait de la colonisation européenne." The area of the "municipio" covers 10,725 square kilometers and is populated by about 60,000 inhabitants, the great majority of whom are of German descent. The "Stadtplatz" is composed mainly of one street 5-1/2 kilometers in length (including Altona) and is most beautifully situated on the right bank of the river Itajahy-Assú. It contains about 3,000 inhabitants, nearly all of whom are Germans.
=Dona Francisca= was founded in 18