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A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 3

From the series The Works of Voltaire, A Contemporary Version, Vol. 7

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Author: Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet)
Published: 1901
Language: English
Wordcount: 78,356 / 235 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 61.8
LoC Category: B
Downloads: 1,003
Added to site: 2011.10.18 30898
Genre: Philosophy

From the French Dictionnaire Philosophique, translated by William F. Fleming. The Philosophical Dictionary is not a sustained work, but a compilation of articles contributed to Diderot's Encyclopédie. The quality of the articles bear witness to the great genius and intellect of François-Marie Arouet, more known as Voltaire.

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had recourse to the same kind of sustenance in the war with the Cimbri and Teutones.

We will conclude with the testimony of Montaigne. Speaking of what was told him by the companions of Villegagnon, returned from Brazil, and of what he had seen in France, he certifies that the Brazilians ate their enemies killed in war, but mark what follows: "Is it more barbarous to eat a man when dead than to have him roasted by a slow fire, or torn to pieces by dogs and swine, as is yet fresh in our memories--and that not between ancient enemies, but among neighbors and fellow-citizens--and, which is worse, on pretence of piety and religion?" What a question for a philosopher like Montaigne! Then, if Anacreon and Tibullus had been Iroquois, they would have eaten men! Alas! alas!


Well; two Englishmen have sailed round the world. They have discovered that New Holland is an island larger than Europe, and that men still eat one another there, as in New Zealand. Whence come this race? supposin



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