Da Xue Zhang Ju

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Author: Xi Zhu
Language: Chinese
Wordcount: 3,823 / 52 pg
LoC Category: PL
Downloads: 7,072
mnybks.net#: 7645
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財非其財者也。上好仁以愛其下, 則下好義以忠其上;所以事必有終,而府庫之財無悖出之患也。孟獻子 曰﹕“畜馬乘不察於雞豚,伐冰之家不畜牛羊,百乘之家不畜聚斂之臣,與其 有聚斂之臣,寧有盜臣。”此謂國不以利為利,以義為利也。畜,許六反。 乘、斂,並去聲。孟獻子,魯之賢大夫仲孫蔑也。畜馬乘,士初試為大夫者 也。伐冰之家,卿大夫以上,喪祭用冰者也。百乘之家,有采地者也。君子寧 亡己之財,而不忍傷民之力;故寧有盜臣,而不畜聚斂之臣。此謂以下,釋獻 子之言也。長國家而務財用者,必自小人矣。彼為善之,小人之使為國家,菑 害並至。雖有善者,亦無如之何矣!此謂國不以利為利,以義為利也。長,上 聲。“彼為善之”,此句上下,疑有闕文誤字。自,由也,言由小人導之也。 此一節,深明以利為利之害,而重言以結之,其丁寧之意切矣。 右傳之十章。釋治國平天下。此章之義,務在與民同好惡而不專其利,皆 推廣絜矩之意也。能如是,則親賢樂利各得其所,而天下平矣。凡傳十章﹕前 四章統論綱領指趣,後六章細論條目功夫。其第五章乃明善之要,第六章乃誠 身之本,在初學尤為當務之急,讀者不可以其近而忽之也。


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