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Zhong Yong Zhang Ju [Chinese, BIG-5]

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Author: Xi Zhu
Language: Chinese
Wordcount: 8,138 / 100 pg
LoC Category: PL
Downloads: 2,241
mnybks.net#: 7646
Genre:  
Excerpt

之事者也。上章言武王纘大王、王季、文王之緒以有天下,而周公成文武之德 以追崇其先祖,此繼志述事之大者也。下文又以其所制祭祀之禮,通於上下者 言之。春秋修其祖廟,陳其宗器,設其裳衣,薦其時食。祖廟:天子七,諸侯 五,大夫三,適士二,官師一。宗器,先世所藏之重器;若周之赤刀、大訓、 天球、河圖之屬也。裳衣,先祖之遺衣服,祭則設之以授屍也。時食,四時之 食,各有其物,如春行羔、豚、膳、膏、香之類是也。宗廟之禮,所以序昭穆 也;序爵,所以辨貴賤也;序事,所以辨賢也;旅酬下為上,所以逮賤也;燕 毛,所以序齒也。昭,如字。為,去聲。宗廟之次:左為昭,右為穆,而子孫 亦以為序。有事於太廟,則子姓、兄弟、群昭、群穆鹹在而不失其倫焉。爵, 公、侯、卿、大夫也。事,宗祝有司之職事也。旅,眾也。酬,導飲也。旅酬 之禮,賓弟子、兄弟之子各舉觶於其長而眾相酬。蓋宗廟之中以有事為榮,故 逮及賤者,使亦得以申其敬也。燕毛,祭畢而燕,則以毛髮之色別長幼,為坐 次也。齒,年數也。踐其位,行其禮,奏其樂,敬其所尊,愛其所親,事死如 事生,事亡如事存,孝之至也。踐,猶履也。其,指先王也。所尊所親,先王 之祖考、子孫、臣庶也。始死謂之死,既葬則曰反而亡焉,皆指先

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