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Yan Shi Jia Xun, vols 5-6 [Chinese]

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Author: Yan Zhitui
Language: Chinese
Wordcount: 7,113 / 82 pg
LoC Category: PL
Downloads: 1,917
mnybks.net#: 7651
Genre:  
Excerpt

天陳、地陳、人陳、雲鳥之陳 。《論語》曰:「衛靈公問陳於孔子。」《左傳》:「為魚麗之陳。」 俗本多作阜傍車乘之車。案諸陳隊並作陳、鄭之陳。夫行陳之義,取於 陳列耳,此六書為假借也,《蒼》、《雅》及近世字書,皆無別字;唯 王羲之《小學章》,獨阜傍作車,縱復俗行,不宜追改《六韜》、《論 語》、《左傳》也。 《詩》云:「黃鳥于飛,集於灌木。」《傳》云:「灌木,叢木也 。」此乃爾雅之文,故李巡注曰:「木叢生曰灌。」《爾雅》末章又云 :「木族生為灌。」族亦叢聚也。所以江南詩古本皆為叢聚之叢,而古 叢字似最字,近世儒生,因改為 ,解云:「木之 高長者。」案:眾家 《爾雅》及解《詩》無言此者,唯周續之《毛詩注》,音為徂會反,劉 昌宗《詩注》,音為在公反,又祖會反:皆為穿鑿,失《爾雅》訓也。 「也」是語已及助句之辭,文籍備有之矣。河北經傳,悉略此字, 其間字有不可得無者,至如「伯也執殳」,「於旅也語」,「回也屢空 」,「風,風也,教也」,及《詩傳》云:「不戢,戢也;不儺,儺也 。」「不多,多也。」如斯之類,儻削此文,頗成廢闕。《詩》言:「 青青子衿。」《傳》曰:「青衿,青領也,學子之服。」按:古者,斜 領下連於衿,故謂領為衿。孫炎、郭

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