ded, the vote being simply on rejection or adoption. In the smaller states the line is not so tightly drawn.... Votes are taken by show of hands, though secret ballot may be had if demanded, elections of officers following the same rule in this matter as legislation. Nominations for office, however, need not be sent in by petition, but may be offered by any one on the spot."[B]
[Footnote B: Vincent.]
The Initiative and the Referendum.
It will be observed that the basic practical principles of both the communal meeting and the Landsgemeinde are these two:
(1) That every citizen shall have the right to propose a measure of law to his fellow-citizens--this principle being known as the Initiative.
(2) That the majority shall actually enact the law by voting the acceptance or the rejection of the measures proposed. This principle, when applied in non-Landsgemeinde cantons, through ballotings at polling places, on measures sent from legislative bodies to the people, is kn