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History of the English People, Volume I

Early England, 449-1071; Foreign Kings, 1071-1204; The Charter, 1204-1216

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Published: 1877
Language: English
Wordcount: 87,269 / 254 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 67.6
LoC Category: D
Downloads: 706
Added to site: 2005.11.10 11361
Genre: History

s. Around this homestead or æthel, each in its little croft, stood the lowlier dwellings of freelings or ceorls, men sprung, it may be, from descendants of the earliest settler who had in various ways forfeited their claim to a share in the original homestead, or more probably from incomers into the village who had since settled round it and been admitted to a share in the land and freedom of the community. The eorl was distinguished from his fellow villagers by his wealth and his nobler blood; he was held by them in an hereditary reverence; and it was from him and his fellow æthelings that host-leaders, whether of the village or the tribe, were chosen in times of war. But this claim to precedence rested simply on the free recognition of his fellow villagers. Within the township every freeman or ceorl was equal. It was the freeman who was the base of village society. He was the "free-necked man" whose long hair floated over a neck which had never bowed to a lord. He was the "weaponed man" who alon



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