Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise

Concerning the Properties, Manufacture, and Analysis of Nitrated Substances, Including the Fulminates, Smokeless Powders, and Celluloid

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Published: 1896
Language: English
Wordcount: 87,469 / 288 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 66.1
LoC Category: Q
Downloads: 1,308
Added to site: 2005.03.10
mnybks.net#: 9976
Genre: Science
Excerpt

{16}O_{6}(ONO_{2})_{4}, the penta- and hexa-nitro-starch. They are formed by acting upon potato starch dried at 100° C. with a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids at a temperature of 20° to 25° C. Rice starch has also been used in its production. Muhlhauer proposes to use this body as a smokeless powder, and to nitrate it with the spent mixed acids from the manufacture of nitro- glycerine. This substance contains from 10.96 to 11.09 per cent. of nitrogen. It is a white substance, very stable and soluble even in cold nitro-glycerine.

The explosive bodies formed by the nitration of jute have been studied by Messrs Cross and Bevan. and also by Mühlhäuer. The former chemists give jute the formula C_{12}H_{18}O_{9}, and believe that its conversion into a nitro-compound takes place according to the equation--

C_{12}H_{18}O_{9} + 3HNO_{3} = 3H_{2}O + C_{12}H_{15}O_(6}(NO_{3})_{3}.

This is equivalent to a gain in weight of 44 per cent. for the tri- nitrate, and 58 per cent. for the tetra-nitrate. The forma

Reviews

Average Rating of 3 from 2 reviews: ***
2006.11.23
Dr. D Aldridge
****.

Once the archaic termanology including "funny" chemical foirmulas are understood. This is an historicaly ground breaking work. All the basic information as to manufacture, testing and safety of Nitro-compounds is here - still relivent todasy. For Industrial Achiologist or someone intrested in the history of chemical engineering this is a "must have" book simply for its host of illistrations.

2006.01.01
yaser
**...

good subject to curious people!!!


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