fer to their country. The inhabitants lived in communities ruled by local caciques, and the country was divided into five principal regions, each under an absolute chief cacique, as follows:
Magua, signifying "watered plain," the northeastern part of the island and comprising most of what is to-day known as the Cibao--that part of the Dominican Republic lying north of the central mountain-range. The chief was Guarionex.
Marien, or Mariel, comprised the northwestern portion of the island and was ruled by Guacanagari.
Jaragua comprised the southwestern part, its chief being Bohechio, the oldest of the caciques.
Maguana extended from the center of the island to the south coast near Azua and was ruled by the proud Caonabo.
Higuey, or Higuayagua, the most bellicose portion of the country, comprised the entire southeast and was ruled by Cayacoa.
Columbus happened upon the island on his first voyage. After discovering Guanahani on October 12, 1492, and vainly searching for Japan among the Bahama Is