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The Genus Pinus

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Published: 1914
Language: English
Wordcount: 29,917 / 108 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 56.9
LoC Category: Q
Downloads: 745
Added to site: 2008.10.07 22255

(Illustrations not included in this volume).

Show Excerpt

ells of hypoderm multiform fig. 23.

The biform hypoderm is not always obvious (clausa, Banksiana, etc.) where in some leaves there is but one row of cells. But with the examination of other leaves one or more cells of a second row will be found with very thick walls. Among Hard Pines there is no Old World species with a biform hypoderm. But there are a few American species with uniform hypoderm (resinosa, tropicalis, patula and Greggii); while, in some leaves of the few American Hard Pines with multiform hypoderm, the uniform hypoderm is a variation.


In this tissue are the resin-ducts, each with a border of cells, corresponding in appearance and in chemical reaction with the cells of the hypoderm and with thinner or thicker walls. With reference to the green tissue the foliar duct may be in one of four positions.

1. External against the hypoderm fig. 24. 2. Internal against the endoderm fig. 28. 3. Medial in the green tissue, touching neither hypoderm nor endoderm

Reader Reviews

Average Rating of 3 from 1 reviews: ***
Greg Homer

An interesting history behind this work. Young George Russell Shaw (son of playwright George Bernard Shaw and actress Lillian Russell) became interested in the study of pine trees at an early age. The lad spent many happy hours walking alone through the woods while is father was writing plays and his mother performed on the stage.

When his work on the genus pinus was first published it caused a huge outcry. The book was banned as immoral, not only in Boston but all over the US and Europe (except Sweden).

It seems the public believed the title of the book was not about pine trees at all! The lay public believed the word 'Genus' and the work 'Pinus' were rhyming words...hence the outcry and confusion.

Adding further to the confusion was Chapter 6 of the book, entitled 'Notes on Wood Peckers'.



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Author of the Day

Ronald E. Yates
Ronald E. Yates has loved books since the very first day he stepped into a library. Thanks to this passion - coupled with a fascination with history and a true talent for writing, we have seen several excellent works from his pen. Today, as our Author of the Day, Yates talks about how he manages to describe the history in his books with such extraordinary accuracy, how his own experiences inspired the Billy Battles books and gives some sound writing advice to any aspiring writers out there.
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