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Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 4

Finland to Fleury, Andre

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Author: Various Authors
Published: 1911
Language: English
Wordcount: 168,409 / 534 pg
Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease: 65.3
LoC Category: AE
Downloads: 1,206
Added to site: 2011.09.27
mnybks.net#: 30816
Genre: Reference
Excerpt

birch-bush (B. nana); two species of Alnus (glutinosa and incana); the oak (Q. pedunculata, Ehrh.), which grows only on the south coast; the poplar (Populus tremula); and the Siberian larch, introduced in culture in the 18th century. Over 6,000,000 trees are cut every year to be floated to thirty large saw-mills, and about 1,000,000 to be transformed into paper pulp. The total export of timber was valued in 1897 at 82,160,000 marks. It is estimated, however, that the domestic use of wood (especially for fuel) represents nearly five times as many cubic feet as the wood used for export in different shapes. The total area under forests is estimated at 63,050,000 acres, of which 34,662,000 acres belong to the state. The fauna has been explored in great detail both as regards the vertebrates and the invertebrates, and specialists will find the necessary bibliographical indications in Travaux geographiques en Finlande, published for the London Geographi

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