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Meng Xi Bi Tan

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Author: Gua Shen
Language: Chinese
Wordcount: 46,094 / 553 pg
LoC Category: PL
Downloads: 2,498
mnybks.net#: 3074
Genre:  
Excerpt

u蟲」也。方言如此,抑亦舊俗也。

《唐六典》述五行,有祿命、驛馬、湴河之目。人多不曉湴河之義。余在

鄜延,見安南行營諸將閱兵馬藉,有稱「過范河損失」。問其何謂「范何

」?乃越人謂淖沙為「范河」,北人謂之「活沙」。余嘗過無定河,度活

沙,人馬履之,百步之外皆動,澒澒然如人行幕上。其下足處雖甚堅,若

遇其一陷,則人馬駝車,應時皆沒,至有數百人平陷無孑遺者。或謂:此

即流沙也。又謂:沙隨風流,謂之流沙。湴,字書亦作「泥」。蒲濫反。

按古文,泥,深泥也。本書有湴河者,蓋謂陷運,如今之「空亡」也。

古人藏書闢蠹用芸。芸,香草也,今人謂之七里香者是也。葉類豌豆,作

小叢生,其葉權芬香,秋間葉間微白如粉污,闢蠹殊驗。南人採置席下,

能去蚤虱。余判昭文館時,曾得數株于潞公家,移植秘閣後,今不復有存

者。香草之類,大率多異名,所謂蘭蓀,蓀,即今菖蒲是也;蕙,今零陵

香是也;茞,今白芷是也。祭禮有腥、燖、熟三獻。舊說以謂腥、燖備太

古、中古之禮,余以為不然。先王之于死者,以為之無知則不仁,以之為

有知則不智。荐可食之熟,所以為仁;不可食之腥、燖,所以為智。又一

說,腥、燖以鬼道接之,饋食以人道接之,

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