Shang Zi [Chinese]

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Author: Yang Shang
Language: Chinese
Wordcount: 11,518 / 136 pg
LoC Category: PL
Downloads: 3,163
mnybks.net#: 7648
Genre:  
Excerpt

,勝其所易。故民愚,則知可以勝之;世知,則力可以勝之。民愚,則易 力而難巧;世巧,則易知而難力。故神農教耕而王天下,師其知也;湯武致彊 而征諸侯,服其力也。今世巧而民淫,方倣湯武之時,而行神農之事,以隨世 禁,故千乘惑亂。此其所加務者,過也。

  民之性,度而取長,稱而取重,權而索利。明君慎觀三者,則國治可立, 而民能可得。國之所以求民者少,而民之所以避求者多。入使民屬於農,出使 民壹於戰。故聖人之治也,多禁以止能,任力以窮軸,兩者偏用則境內之民 壹;民壹則農,農則樸,樸則安居而惡出。故聖人之為國也,民資藏於地,而 偏託危於外。資於地則樸,託危於外則惑。民入則樸,出則惑,故其農勉而戰 戢也。民之農勉則資重,戰戢則鄰危。資重則不可負而逃,鄰危則不歸於無 資。歸危外託,狂夫之所不為也。故聖人之為國也,觀俗立法則治,察國事本 則宜。不觀時俗,不察國本,則其法立而民亂,事劇而功寡,此臣之所謂過 也。

  夫刑者所以禁邪也;而賞者,所以助禁也。羞辱勞苦者,民之所惡也;顯 榮佚樂者,民之所務也。故其國刑不可惡而爵祿不足務也,此亡國之兆也。刑 人復漏,則小人辟淫而不苦刑,則徼倖於民上。徼倖於民上以利求,顯榮之門 不一,則君子事勢以成

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