A. Definitions and Methods.
Meaning of Race, People (ethnos, folk), Nation, Tribe. Culture and civilization. Measures and stages of culture. Causes and conditions of ethnic progress. Ethnic aptitudes for special lines of progress. Ethnic psychology (Völkerpsychologie).
a. Government.--Primitive forms. The gens; the tribe; the confederacy; chieftainship; monarchy; theocracy; democracy, etc.
b. Marriage.--Theories of primitive marriage; promiscuity; polygamy; polyandry; monogamy. Limitations of marriage. Forms and rites of marriage. Laws of descent and consanguinity. Social position of woman. Gynocracy.
c. Laws.--Origin of laws. Primitive ethics. Dualism of ethics. Evolution of the moral sense. The Taboo. Blood revenge. Tenures of land. Classes above law. Castes. Privileged classes. Codified laws. Int